Primary Education in Kentucky
Elementary education in this state begins in kindergarten and ends in grade 8 (children from 5 to 14 years old), but usually it is divided into elementary, intermediate and intermediate levels. Elementary-level programs of elementary education work with children when they start going to kindergarten and until when they go to grade 4; transition level – children in 4, 5 classes; and middle level – children in grades 6-8.
Required subject areas:
Arts and Humanities;
In addition to the required subject areas, students in Kentucky should learn technology. First-grade students begin to learn how to work on a computer: they have to learn how to conduct research tasks, find and analyze data, draw, and create multimedia presentations.
The minimum school year is 185 days.
Kentucky has developed a testing program called the Knowledge Testing System (STLV). It includes:
Mandatory tests of the state: it is a mixture of tests in which you need to choose one correct answer from several proposed ( multiple – choice ), and tests in which you need disclosed answers to questions; The written test of basic knowledge (PTD): a multiple-choice test, the results of which are used to compare the performance of students in this state with students in other states; All homework assignments ( in the future: “portfolio” – portfolio ) – a collection of the best works of the apprentice training period.
These tests are conducted to test how students understand the required subjects and how much progress they have achieved. Usually, in such tests, 24 questions are multiple-choice questions (4 answers are given, one of which is correct), the next 6 questions are short answers of students. There are no time limits for this test. The evaluation takes place on 4 levels: “novice”, “student”, “expert” and “excellent student”. The goal of each school is to achieve on average all students of the “knowledgeable” level.
These tests are created by specially appointed officials in cooperation with the Advisory Council (SS), consisting of their state teachers. The teachers make up the questions, then the official checks them and prepares them for publication.
Pupils completing grades 3, 6 and 9 of public schools should also take part in the written test of basic knowledge (PTOS) in reading, languages, and mathematics. These tests are multiple-choice tests and created to compare the performance of individual students at the national level. Test results are published by schools. Parents also receive a copy of the report with details.
In addition, as part of the testing, students must provide a written portfolio — a collection of the student’s best work during the period of study — and a written essay that tests thought skills and writing skills. A 4th-grade student portfolio consists of 4 jobs, and a 7th and 12th-grade students portfolio of 5 jobs. The portfolio should be provided at the beginning of the testing period – April. Portfolio assessment is carried out by special teaching staff; they use a specially issued manual for assessment.
Age groups / primary teachers
The basic philosophy of Kentucky – children develop in different ways, with different needs. Therefore, elementary classes in state and group schools in kindergartens are made up not only according to age but also taking into account the abilities and needs of children. The work of children is organized by primary school teachers. Also in the same class, there can be a division of children into even smaller groups. For example, at the same time, one group is working on the pronunciation of words, the other is writing sentences, the third is learning to read.
Textbooks for elementary school students are free.
The state Department of Education issues a selection list. This sheet contains recommended textbooks for working in schools, as well as electronic materials. Above the compilation of this sheet works a special team that is selected every year. After the adoption of a new sheet, it is sent to school districts and schools. Each school is responsible for reviewing, selecting, and acquiring educational resources. Typically, this work is done by the school board, which consists of their parents, teachers, and administrators.